Thursday , June 13 2024
Home / Historic Dartmoor / Windy Post Cross

Windy Post Cross

Windy Post Cross

‘Lonely there, betwixt moor and sky,

Where great grey clouds go drifting by,

And the peewit utters her plaintive cry,

The Windy Post stands silently.’

To the north west of Feather Tor stands an ancient and rugged granite cross known as either the Beckamoor Cross or more romantically the Windy Post and Windy Stone. For centuries this lone cross has stood upon the bleak moorland with just the murmuring Grimstone and Sortridge leat for company. Many writers consider that the age of the cross dates back to the sixteenth century and that possibly it replaced a much earlier cross, English Heritage however notes on its Pastscape Record that the cross is of medieval origin and date it to between 1400 and 1499 which tends to buck the trend of all Dartmoor writers. Today the time-worn granite pillar displays the effects of numerous cattle and ponies rubbing up against it which has resulted in a somewhat ‘drunken’ tilt. As with many of Dartmoor’s granite relics the Windy Post proudly wears a multi-coloured coat of lichens which serve to emphasise its rugged texture. The cross itself is best described by one who viewed it many years ago when the ravages of time and nature had impacted less on its appearance:

In a gap in the hills, nigh Feather Tor and westerly of the Vixen, stands an old crooked granite post. The Windy-stone is seven feet high and from afar suggests some giant human figure bending forward as he tramps the desolation; but seen at hand this memorial of the Middle Ages resolves itself into the symbol of Christianity. Shaft and arms are octagonal and in fair preservation. Centuries of wild weather, flood, and frost, have driven the cross out of the perpendicular; time has fretted its angles; but still the grey stone, clad in venerable vesture of jade and black lichens; shall be seen to stand nobly on the heath. It glitters by day with the transparent quartz crystals that form part of its amorphous substance; and by night withdraws into a formless shadow against the sky‘, Eden Phillpotts, The Mother.

When Crossing, (Crossing, 1987, pp.79 -80) mentions the cross being on, ‘an elevated plain‘ it can be further expanded by noting that the Windy Post stands at an altitude of roughly 985 (extremely exposed) feet which has lead to its very appropriate descriptive name. The alternative name of the ‘Beckamoor Cross’ refers to the small stream which flows about a third of a mile to the east, namely Beckamoor Water.

Today the Windy Post’s vital statistics are; a height of 2.09 metres, a circumference of 1.01 metres and an arm span of 70 centimetres which are aligned in a west – east direction, (Sandles, 1997, p.116). As noted by Phillpotts, the arms of the cross are octagonal with chamfered edges which according to Hemery, (1983, p.1009) gives it a unique facet among the stone crosses of Dartmoor. There is, albeit only faintly discernable today, an Ordnance surveyors bench mark cut into the face of the southern side of the shaft, roughly 46 cm up from the ground. This mark is certainly recorded on the Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 – Epoch 1 map of 1887 so it can be assumed that the damage was done over 121 years ago.

It would seem that the purpose of the Windy Post was to act as a marker of the Tavistock to Ashburton trans-moor track which in effect was an early medieval route which connected Buckfast and Tavistock abbeys. For this very reason it has been muted that as the design of the present-day cross suggests a date of the sixteen century there may well have been an earlier cross or marker at or near this location. Crossing (1987, p.80), relates how the local moormen of his time had known of an alignment between the menhir at Merrivale, the Windy Post and Pixies Cross which could indicate a much earlier use of the route. Sure enough, take the modern 1:25,000 OS map and draw a line from the menhir to Pixies cross and you will see that it passes through the spot where the Windy Post stands as can be seen below:

Windy Post Cross

Page, (1895, p.134) expands on Crossing’s theory when he cites (although he doesn’t mention from which book) that Crossing considered that the name Windy Post has ‘Celtic’ roots and is a derivation of the word ean which means ‘water’ which with the addition of a ‘y‘ later mutated to weany and then windy thus meaning ‘the post by the water’. In light of this, he suggests that the Windy Post may have marked an much earlier route than the medieval track which ran along the above alignment. The nearest to this notion I can get is the Anglo Saxon word wæt meaning ‘wet’ or wæter meaning ‘water’, (Clark Hall, 2004, p.395). Whilst the idea of an earlier track is plausible it does seem a bit far fetched to consider that it dated back to ‘Celtic’ times just because of a very tenuous etymological link?

A very similar proposal is given by Harrison (2001, p.190) when he notes the water association coming from the place-name Beckamoor. The etymology of this name coming from bæc which means ‘brook’ (Clark Hall, p.31) and môr which indicates a ‘marsh’ or ‘wasteland’ (Clark Hall, p.240), thus giving -‘ brook of the marsh or wasteland’. There can be no possible argument for this idea, nobody can possibly tell if the cross was named after the brook or the brook after the cross, therefore putting a ‘Celtic’ date to an earlier cross or stone just because a nearby bæc has possible early English roots is crazy. Yes, the brook may have been recognised at an earlier date but that proves nothing as far as the cross is concerned. In all probability there has been too much read into the roots of the name and in fact it simply refers to the exposed and wind-blown nature of its locality as can be testified by anyone visiting there on a wild, stormy day.

The Grimstone and Sortridge leat was probably constructed sometime in the sixteen century or possibly earlier, (Hemery, 1991, p.34). This does beg the question as to which came first? Was the cross erected after the construction of the leat or were the leat builders very respectful of the cross when cutting the channel, in which case they couldn’t have got much closer to it?

In Peter Tavy churchyard is a grave which belongs to a member of the Fraser family and for whatever reason a virtually exact replica of the Windy Post stands at the head. The skill of the monumental mason is unquestionable as he even detailed the scars left on the original cross due to weathering, (Starkey, 1983, p.126).

Windy Post Cross

The Windy Post

Windy Post Cross

The Windy Post

Windy Post Cross

The Windy Post

Windy Post Cross

The Windy Post

Should you wish to visit the Windy Post you are assured of a gentle stroll with wide ranging views. Simply park on the Tavistock to Princetown road (OS grid ref. SX 53382 75183) and follow the leat until it brings you to the cross. Whilst there have a look at the Bullseye Stone located in the leat which is a few feet away from the cross.

Windy Post Cross

Clark Hall, J. R. 2004. A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. London: University of Toronto Press.

Crossing, W. 1987. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor. Exeter: Devon Books.

Harrison, B. 2001. Dartmoor’s Stone Crosses. Tiverton: Devon Books.

Hemery, E. 1991. Walking the Dartmoor Waterways. Newton Abbot: Peninsula Press.

Hemery, E. 1983. High Dartmoor. London: Hale Publishing.

Page, J. Ll. W. 1895. An Exploration of Dartmoor. London: Seeley and Co. Ltd.

Sandles, T. 1997. A Pilgrimage to Dartmoor’s Crosses. Liverton: Forest Publishing.

Starkey, F. H. 1983. Dartmoor Crosses and some Ancient Tracks. Privately published by F. H. Starkey.


About Tim Sandles

Tim Sandles is the founder of Legendary Dartmoor

One comment

  1. Simon Dundrow-Smith

    I have no idea where Crossing got ‘ean’ to mean water. The Cornish word for water is ‘Dowr’. BUT, I do have a possible clue, similar to Nuns Cross being almost certainly being Cornish ‘Nans Crows’ (Valley Cross).

    The Cornish word for ‘watercourse’ is ‘Weeth’ ‘Wyth’ or ‘Gwyth’ a name meaning ‘Watercourse Cross’ would certainly fit ‘Weeth Crows’ or more likely ‘Wyth Crows’ could with time become ‘Windy Cross’.

    Cornish was certainly spoken in the South Hams of Devon in the early medieval period and I have a long held belief from place names it lasted into the late medieval (or later) in West Devon. In this article you mention ‘Menhir’ which is Cornish meaning ‘Long Stone’

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.